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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment73 products
serums & essences42 products
mask41 products
facial cleanser41 products
shampoo33 products
exfoliant/scrub32 products
moisturizer31 products
mascara29 products
conditioner29 products
recreational sunscreen28 products
foundation26 products
daily use with SPF25 products
around-eye cream20 products
body wash/cleanser14 products
eye shadow14 products
toners/astringents13 products
hair styling aide11 products
hair treatment/serum10 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
anti-aging9 products
makeup remover8 products
body firming lotion8 products
baby sunscreen8 products
hand cream6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant6 products
BB cream5 products
CC cream4 products
makeup primer4 products
fragrance for women3 products
fragrance for men3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
lip gloss3 products
baby wipes2 products
facial powder2 products
bronzer/highlighter2 products
blush2 products
eye liner2 products
baby soap2 products
baby lotion2 products
baby shampoo2 products
lipstick2 products
detangler2 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
beard oil1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
brow liner1 products
body oil1 products
bar soap1 products
hair removal waxes1 products
1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
after sun product1 products
concealer1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
oil controller1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
11456 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Determined safe for use in cosmetics up to a specified concentration limitCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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