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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer408 products
lipstick260 products
lip balm190 products
antiperspirant/deodorant141 products
hair styling aide81 products
body wash/cleanser78 products
lip gloss76 products
foundation71 products
facial moisturizer/treatment64 products
eye shadow55 products
eye liner55 products
bronzer/highlighter52 products
body firming lotion49 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)47 products
lip balm with SPF44 products
lip liner43 products
concealer37 products
bar soap36 products
diaper cream36 products
styling gel/lotion35 products
brow liner31 products
hand cream29 products
facial cleanser29 products
hair treatment/serum28 products
conditioner25 products
mask21 products
baby lotion20 products
shaving cream19 products
sunless tanning18 products
hair color and bleaching18 products
lip plumper18 products
daily use with SPF17 products
blush16 products
facial powder14 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
foot moisturizer10 products
around-eye cream10 products
damaged skin treatment8 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
hair relaxer6 products
tooth whitening6 products
anti-aging5 products
after sun product4 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
serums & essences4 products
makeup primer3 products
beard care3 products
makeup remover2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
glitter2 products
detangler1 products
baby oil1 products
BB cream1 products
foot cleansing1 products
fragrance for men1 products
1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
baby soap1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
body oil1 products
liquid hand soap1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as a high human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1901 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer