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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer202 products
lipstick158 products
lip balm97 products
foundation71 products
body firming lotion66 products
eye liner47 products
bronzer/highlighter44 products
lip balm with SPF42 products
facial moisturizer/treatment40 products
antiperspirant/deodorant33 products
eye shadow33 products
body wash/cleanser30 products
hair styling aide29 products
concealer26 products
lip liner25 products
diaper cream22 products
lip gloss18 products
hair color and bleaching18 products
facial cleanser17 products
moisturizer with SPF17 products
styling gel/lotion15 products
bar soap14 products
baby lotion13 products
conditioner12 products
hand cream12 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
facial powder12 products
hair treatment/serum12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)11 products
shaving cream10 products
lip plumper10 products
brow liner9 products
sunless tanning8 products
mask8 products
blush6 products
other eye makeup6 products
hair relaxer6 products
foot moisturizer5 products
serums & essences5 products
makeup primer4 products
around-eye cream4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
anti-aging3 products
beach & sport sunscreen3 products
makeup remover2 products
after sun product2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
detangler2 products
shampoo2 products
2 products
foot cleansing2 products
fragrance for men1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
beard care1 products
baby oil1 products
BB cream1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as a high human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1901 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer