Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Endocrine disruption (moderate), Persistence and bioaccumulation (high), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
Unacceptable: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient
This ingredient is a member of a class of compounds called per- and polyfluoralkyl substances, or PFAS. With the many health effects noted for the few well studied PFAS substances, and hundreds of other PFAS in commerce lacking toxicity data, an appropriate degree of precaution is required to protect human health. EWG consumer database now includes a category rating for all PFAS ingredients.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
HIGHAllergies & Immunotoxicity
HIGHDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||11 products|
|around-eye cream||6 products|
|serums & essences||5 products|
|shaving cream||4 products|
|facial cleanser||3 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||2 products|
|lip balm||1 products|
|body oil||1 products|
|body firming lotion||1 products|
|daily use with SPF||1 products|
|Known human reproduvtive or developmental toxin||Open scientific literature|
|Known human any toxicant or allergen||Open scientific literature|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans||Open scientific literature|
|Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmetics||Open scientific literature|
|Chemical class of concern||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Possible human any toxicant||Open scientific literature|
|Possible human carcinogen||Open scientific literature|
|Possible human any disruptor||Open scientific literature|
|1614 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.