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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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hair styling aide128 products
mask99 products
styling gel/lotion81 products
body wash/cleanser73 products
serums & essences69 products
brow liner67 products
body spray66 products
eye liner63 products
hair treatment/serum61 products
hair color and bleaching59 products
toners/astringents57 products
shampoo52 products
facial moisturizer/treatment43 products
liquid hand soap43 products
facial cleanser40 products
makeup primer36 products
setting powder/spray36 products
conditioner34 products
baby wipes27 products
fragrance for women25 products
exfoliant/scrub24 products
styling mousse/foam23 products
sunless tanning22 products
hand sanitizer22 products
hair spray18 products
makeup remover18 products
mascara16 products
detangler15 products
mouthwash15 products
lip gloss13 products
moisturizer12 products
eye shadow12 products
fragrance for men10 products
after shave8 products
bubble bath7 products
eyelash glue6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
beard care5 products
anti-aging4 products
around-eye cream4 products
tooth whitening4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
blush4 products
body firming lotion3 products
concealer3 products
other eye makeup3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
foot cleansing3 products
glitter3 products
baby soap3 products
3 products
lipstick3 products
foot moisturizer2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
depilatory2 products
baby shampoo2 products
foot odor control1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
hair relaxer1 products
facial powder1 products
after sun product1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
baby oil1 products
baby lotion1 products
lip plumper1 products
tanning oil1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
144 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data Sources

  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer