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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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hair styling aide123 products
mask82 products
styling gel/lotion75 products
body wash/cleanser64 products
hair color and bleaching63 products
eye liner62 products
brow liner55 products
toners/astringents54 products
hair treatment/serum53 products
body spray51 products
shampoo43 products
serums & essences43 products
facial moisturizer/treatment41 products
facial cleanser37 products
liquid hand soap35 products
makeup primer34 products
setting powder/spray31 products
conditioner30 products
sunless tanning28 products
styling mousse/foam27 products
hand sanitizer23 products
fragrance for women20 products
hair spray19 products
exfoliant/scrub19 products
baby wipes18 products
detangler16 products
mouthwash16 products
mascara13 products
makeup remover12 products
eye shadow12 products
fragrance for men11 products
moisturizer9 products
after shave8 products
beard care6 products
lip gloss6 products
5 products
eyelash glue5 products
body firming lotion4 products
tooth whitening4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
glitter4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
anti-aging3 products
around-eye cream3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
concealer3 products
hair relaxer3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
foot cleansing3 products
baby soap3 products
foundation3 products
shaving cream2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
depilatory2 products
baby shampoo2 products
lipstick2 products
blush2 products
foot odor control1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
other eye makeup1 products
oil controller1 products
facial powder1 products
after sun product1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
baby oil1 products
baby lotion1 products
beard cleanser1 products
toothpaste1 products
lip plumper1 products
tanning oil1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ toxicityHarvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
144 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data Sources

  • Harvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer