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Data: Fair

Paraffin

Other Concerns

Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)

SYNONYMS

CRYSTALLINE PETROLEUM WAX, HIGH MELTING POINT PARAFFIN, HYDROTREATED PARAFFIN WAX; HYDROTREATED PARAFFIN WAX, LOW MELTING POINT PARAFFIN, PARAFFIN, PARAFFIN WAX, PARAFFIN WAXES, PARAFFIN WAXES (PETROLEUM), HYDROTREATED, PETROLEUM WAX, CRYSTALLINE, and WAXES, PARAFFIN

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Paraffin is a solid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick311 products
mascara213 products
lip balm209 products
eye liner166 products
lip liner83 products
foundation70 products
brow liner66 products
concealer50 products
bronzer/highlighter32 products
recreational sunscreen28 products
blush26 products
lip balm with SPF25 products
eye shadow24 products
moisturizer15 products
exfoliant/scrub13 products
diaper cream12 products
hair styling aide11 products
makeup primer11 products
hand cream10 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
lip gloss9 products
bar soap9 products
facial moisturizer/treatment8 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
mask8 products
baby sunscreen7 products
lip plumper6 products
5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
hair spray4 products
conditioner4 products
facial cleanser4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
around-eye cream3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
body firming lotion2 products
nail polish2 products
anti-aging2 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
hair removal waxes1 products
depilatory1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
foot cleansing1 products
makeup remover1 products
depilatory (men's)1 products
beard care1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
hand sanitizer1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
46954 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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