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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick399 products
mascara272 products
lip balm243 products
eye liner185 products
lip liner101 products
foundation94 products
concealer82 products
brow liner70 products
bronzer/highlighter40 products
eye shadow32 products
recreational sunscreen28 products
moisturizer22 products
lip balm with SPF20 products
blush18 products
diaper cream16 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
facial moisturizer/treatment12 products
lip gloss11 products
hand cream11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant10 products
styling gel/lotion10 products
hair styling aide10 products
hair treatment/serum9 products
mask9 products
makeup primer9 products
bar soap8 products
baby sunscreen7 products
foot moisturizer6 products
6 products
around-eye cream6 products
lip plumper5 products
conditioner5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
facial cleanser3 products
anti-aging3 products
hair spray2 products
makeup remover2 products
nail polish2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
body firming lotion2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
foot cleansing1 products
hair removal waxes1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
beard care1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
46954 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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