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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner658 products
shampoo589 products
facial moisturizer/treatment306 products
moisturizer255 products
mask203 products
mascara191 products
body wash/cleanser189 products
serums & essences181 products
hair treatment/serum180 products
facial cleanser158 products
foundation154 products
hair styling aide154 products
body firming lotion98 products
hair spray85 products
daily use with SPF81 products
hair color and bleaching73 products
toners/astringents69 products
recreational sunscreen68 products
styling gel/lotion62 products
around-eye cream53 products
liquid hand soap48 products
brow liner46 products
anti-aging43 products
exfoliant/scrub43 products
detangler39 products
makeup remover35 products
baby shampoo34 products
makeup primer34 products
bubble bath31 products
eye shadow30 products
hand cream29 products
shaving cream27 products
styling mousse/foam25 products
polish remover25 products
baby lotion24 products
baby soap23 products
after shave20 products
eye liner19 products
sunless tanning19 products
setting powder/spray19 products
lipstick18 products
facial powder15 products
beard care15 products
shaving cream (men's)14 products
bronzer/highlighter13 products
13 products
foot moisturizer12 products
baby sunscreen11 products
after sun product8 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
diaper cream7 products
eye makeup remover7 products
nail polish7 products
BB cream7 products
baby bubble bath6 products
bath oil/salts/soak6 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
concealer5 products
beard cleanser5 products
body oil4 products
lip balm4 products
foot cleansing4 products
hair relaxer4 products
oil controller3 products
other eye makeup3 products
body spray3 products
blush3 products
glitter3 products
CC cream3 products
lip balm with SPF3 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
baby wipes2 products
tanning oil2 products
fragrance for women2 products
baby toothpaste2 products
baby oil2 products
bar soap1 products
nail treatment1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
depilatory1 products
toothpaste1 products
beard oil1 products
body art1 products

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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