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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner362 products
shampoo339 products
facial moisturizer/treatment189 products
mask185 products
moisturizer165 products
body wash/cleanser120 products
serums & essences116 products
mascara114 products
facial cleanser89 products
hair treatment/serum79 products
moisturizer with SPF63 products
hair styling aide61 products
hair color and bleaching59 products
foundation54 products
beach & sport sunscreen52 products
toners/astringents39 products
hair spray35 products
styling gel/lotion33 products
brow liner26 products
liquid hand soap25 products
around-eye cream24 products
body firming lotion24 products
baby shampoo24 products
eye shadow22 products
makeup remover19 products
baby soap19 products
detangler19 products
anti-aging18 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
shaving cream16 products
eye liner15 products
makeup primer15 products
lipstick15 products
bubble bath14 products
baby lotion13 products
sunless tanning10 products
hand cream10 products
after shave10 products
styling mousse/foam9 products
shaving cream (men's)9 products
polish remover9 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
concealer8 products
facial powder6 products
foot moisturizer6 products
baby bubble bath5 products
baby sunscreen5 products
after sun product4 products
BB cream4 products
diaper cream3 products
lip balm3 products
hair relaxer3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
eye makeup remover2 products
other eye makeup2 products
body oil2 products
baby toothpaste2 products
bar soap2 products
oil controller2 products
blush2 products
glitter2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
beard care2 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
foot cleansing1 products
depilatory1 products
body art1 products
baby wipes1 products
toothpaste1 products
beard oil1 products

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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