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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner442 products
shampoo407 products
facial moisturizer/treatment214 products
moisturizer187 products
mascara184 products
serums & essences141 products
body wash/cleanser136 products
mask136 products
foundation119 products
facial cleanser104 products
hair treatment/serum102 products
hair styling aide87 products
hair color and bleaching67 products
moisturizer with SPF65 products
beach & sport sunscreen52 products
styling gel/lotion45 products
hair spray45 products
toners/astringents44 products
brow liner31 products
eye shadow30 products
body firming lotion29 products
around-eye cream29 products
liquid hand soap28 products
baby shampoo27 products
makeup remover26 products
exfoliant/scrub25 products
baby soap22 products
makeup primer22 products
detangler19 products
anti-aging19 products
lipstick18 products
eye liner18 products
baby lotion17 products
hand cream17 products
shaving cream17 products
after shave17 products
polish remover16 products
bubble bath15 products
styling mousse/foam14 products
facial powder13 products
shaving cream (men's)11 products
concealer10 products
foot moisturizer8 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
sunless tanning8 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
nail polish6 products
6 products
baby bubble bath6 products
beard care6 products
baby sunscreen5 products
BB cream4 products
beard cleanser4 products
diaper cream4 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
oil controller3 products
glitter3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
other eye makeup3 products
after sun product3 products
lip balm3 products
foot cleansing3 products
hair relaxer3 products
bar soap2 products
blush2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
baby oil2 products
body oil2 products
baby toothpaste2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
baby wipes1 products
CC cream1 products
toothpaste1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
beard oil1 products
body art1 products

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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