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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner905 products
shampoo808 products
facial moisturizer/treatment419 products
moisturizer381 products
mask354 products
mascara323 products
hair treatment/serum298 products
body wash/cleanser234 products
facial cleanser231 products
foundation226 products
hair styling aide225 products
serums & essences209 products
styling gel/lotion112 products
hair spray108 products
toners/astringents100 products
brow liner99 products
daily use with SPF98 products
around-eye cream93 products
hair color and bleaching90 products
recreational sunscreen79 products
exfoliant/scrub75 products
liquid hand soap69 products
body firming lotion58 products
nail polish55 products
makeup remover53 products
detangler52 products
anti-aging51 products
bubble bath47 products
hand cream42 products
shaving cream42 products
makeup primer42 products
styling mousse/foam37 products
CC cream36 products
concealer35 products
baby shampoo31 products
polish remover31 products
setting powder/spray30 products
baby soap29 products
after shave28 products
eye liner27 products
sunless tanning27 products
baby lotion24 products
facial powder22 products
22 products
beard care20 products
eye shadow18 products
foot moisturizer14 products
bronzer/highlighter14 products
antiperspirant/deodorant13 products
BB cream13 products
shaving cream (men's)12 products
damaged skin treatment11 products
after sun product11 products
baby sunscreen11 products
diaper cream10 products
hand sanitizer9 products
bar soap8 products
nail treatment8 products
body spray8 products
hair-loss treatment7 products
lip balm7 products
glitter7 products
tanning oil7 products
beard cleanser7 products
eye makeup remover6 products
baby bubble bath6 products
foot cleansing5 products
other eye makeup4 products
body oil4 products
fragrance for men4 products
lipstick3 products
blush3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
lip balm with SPF3 products
beard oil3 products
oil controller2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
depilatory2 products
baby oil2 products
lip plumper2 products
foot odor control1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
baby wipes1 products
hair relaxer1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
toothpaste1 products
pore strips1 products
nail glue1 products
body art1 products
lip liner1 products

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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