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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo204 products
conditioner193 products
facial moisturizer/treatment152 products
moisturizer120 products
mask119 products
serums & essences93 products
body wash/cleanser78 products
facial cleanser72 products
moisturizer with SPF68 products
mascara67 products
beach & sport sunscreen48 products
toners/astringents34 products
hair treatment/serum33 products
hair styling aide25 products
foundation25 products
hair color and bleaching22 products
around-eye cream21 products
eye shadow20 products
liquid hand soap20 products
hair spray19 products
anti-aging17 products
baby shampoo16 products
makeup remover16 products
lipstick15 products
styling gel/lotion13 products
baby soap13 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
brow liner12 products
bubble bath12 products
detangler11 products
baby lotion10 products
hand cream10 products
body firming lotion8 products
baby sunscreen8 products
shaving cream8 products
baby bubble bath7 products
styling mousse/foam7 products
concealer5 products
sunless tanning5 products
eye liner5 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
after shave4 products
facial powder4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
makeup primer4 products
BB cream4 products
fragrance for women3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
diaper cream2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
lip balm2 products
blush2 products
other eye makeup2 products
baby toothpaste2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
polish remover2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
after sun product2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
body oil2 products
foot cleansing1 products
CC cream1 products
depilatory1 products
bar soap1 products
oil controller1 products
nail treatment1 products
lip gloss1 products
toothpaste1 products
beard oil1 products

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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