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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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mascara183 products
facial moisturizer/treatment117 products
lipstick107 products
shaving cream91 products
body wash/cleanser60 products
facial cleanser58 products
moisturizer40 products
daily use with SPF39 products
lip gloss39 products
around-eye cream33 products
concealer33 products
shaving cream (men's)27 products
foundation27 products
brow liner25 products
eye shadow25 products
mask24 products
recreational sunscreen24 products
eye liner23 products
body firming lotion19 products
hand cream17 products
anti-aging16 products
makeup primer15 products
exfoliant/scrub14 products
blush13 products
BB cream11 products
hair styling aide11 products
11 products
bar soap10 products
conditioner9 products
liquid hand soap9 products
bronzer/highlighter7 products
bath oil/salts/soak7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
after shave6 products
serums & essences6 products
lip balm5 products
CC cream5 products
lip liner5 products
baby sunscreen4 products
shampoo4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
toners/astringents3 products
baby lotion3 products
sunless tanning2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
facial powder1 products
lip plumper1 products
foot cleansing1 products
oil controller1 products
bubble bath1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
body art1 products
makeup remover1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
glitter1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
8776 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansauthor communication

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • author communication
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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