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Data: Limited

Proprietary Ingredients

Other Concerns

Enhanced skin absorption, Neurotoxicity (moderate), Endocrine disruption (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)

SYNONYMS

● AND OTHER INGREDIENTS
● OTHER INGREDIENTS
● PROPIETARY INGREDIENTS
● PROPRIETARY INGREDIENTS

Unacceptable

Unacceptable: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient


Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • MODERATE
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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nail polish17 products
facial moisturizer/treatment7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
bar soap4 products
body oil3 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
shampoo2 products
conditioner2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
mask1 products
facial cleanser1 products
hair styling aide1 products
lip plumper1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
around-eye cream1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Penetration enhancerOpen scientific literature

Miscellaneous

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Ingredient not fully labeled - identity unknown
Chemical class of concernOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human any toxicantOpen scientific literature

Neurotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human any toxicantOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human carcinogenOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human reproductive or developmental toxinOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human any disruptorOpen scientific literature

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human any irritantOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
536 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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