CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (ORANGE) FRUIT EXTRACT
Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments.
Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity
Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children.
Allergies & Immunotoxicity
Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body.
Products with this Ingredient
|serums & essences||19 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||19 products|
|body wash/cleanser||12 products|
|lip gloss||12 products|
|facial cleanser||11 products|
|moisturizer with SPF||11 products|
|BB cream||6 products|
|eye shadow||5 products|
|around-eye cream||4 products|
|lip balm||4 products|
|foot moisturizer||3 products|
|body firming lotion||2 products|
|hair treatment/serum||2 products|
|bubble bath||1 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||1 products|
|oil controller||1 products|
|liquid hand soap||1 products|
|makeup remover||1 products|
|beard cleanser||1 products|
|beard care||1 products|
|shaving cream||1 products|
|sunless tanning||1 products|
|hand cream||1 products|
|after shave||1 products|
|CC cream||1 products|
|hair styling aide||1 products|
|baby wipes||1 products|
|after sun product||1 products|
|baby bubble bath||1 products|
|makeup primer||1 products|
Enhanced skin absorption
|Ethanol has been found to act as a penetration enhancer for many chemicals.||S Mutalik & N. Udupa. 2003. Effect of some penetration enhancers on the permeation of glibenclamide and glipizide through mouse skin. Die Pharmazie 58(12), 891-4.|
|Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)||IFRA 2005|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualifications||Final report 12/2015 available from CIR|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|REACH registrations this substance may cause an allergic skin reaction.||European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|REACH registrations this substance causes skin irritation.||European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|REACH registrations this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.||European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|REACH registrations this substance is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.||European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|35 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- S Mutalik & N. Udupa. 2003. Effect of some penetration enhancers on the permeation of glibenclamide and glipizide through mouse skin. Die Pharmazie 58(12), 891-4.
- IFRA 2005
- Final report 12/2015 available from CIR
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer
ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer