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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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recreational sunscreen497 products
daily use with SPF306 products
fragrance for women143 products
baby sunscreen63 products
fragrance for men62 products
body spray56 products
lip balm with SPF46 products
foundation31 products
BB cream27 products
facial moisturizer/treatment20 products
hair treatment/serum15 products
CC cream14 products
conditioner13 products
tanning oil12 products
10 products
hair color and bleaching8 products
makeup primer8 products
moisturizer6 products
after shave6 products
hair styling aide6 products
shampoo5 products
body wash/cleanser5 products
facial cleanser5 products
lip balm5 products
skin fading/lightener4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
setting powder/spray3 products
serums & essences3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
hair spray3 products
toners/astringents2 products
anti-aging2 products
lip gloss2 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
concealer1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
around-eye cream1 products
facial powder1 products
mask1 products
lipstick1 products
sunless tanning1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerOpen scientific literature
Absorbs into the skinOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in some types of cosmetics (concentration limit)Japan's Standards for Cosmetics
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show possible immune or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
2123 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Biochemical or cellular level changes

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Concern Reference
Does not produces excess reactive oxygen species or other harmful biochemical changes.Open scientific literature

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer