Menu Close Menu




Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
eye liner72 products
foundation64 products
moisturizer50 products
lip gloss48 products
lip balm40 products
hair color and bleaching38 products
beach & sport sunscreen34 products
bronzer/highlighter33 products
eye shadow32 products
lip balm with SPF26 products
antiperspirant/deodorant20 products
lipstick20 products
facial moisturizer/treatment11 products
conditioner11 products
facial powder9 products
moisturizer with SPF7 products
concealer7 products
exfoliant/scrub7 products
makeup remover6 products
diaper cream6 products
body firming lotion6 products
brow liner6 products
hand cream5 products
lip plumper5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
foot moisturizer4 products
depilatory4 products
blush4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
anti-aging3 products
mask3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
baby oil2 products
baby lotion2 products
shampoo2 products
shaving cream2 products
lip liner2 products
detangler2 products
hair styling aide2 products
sunless tanning2 products
after shave1 products
around-eye cream1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
mascara1 products
eyelash glue1 products
serums & essences1 products


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Possible human immune system toxicant or allergenNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Human immune and respiratory toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Cancer - limited evidenceNational Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
4094 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • National Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer