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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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lip balm89 products
beach & sport sunscreen83 products
lip balm with SPF72 products
eye liner72 products
moisturizer67 products
foundation67 products
lip gloss54 products
eye shadow51 products
lipstick40 products
hair color and bleaching38 products
bronzer/highlighter33 products
antiperspirant/deodorant21 products
body firming lotion16 products
Tanning Sprays13 products
conditioner13 products
facial moisturizer/treatment12 products
moisturizer with SPF11 products
facial powder10 products
makeup remover8 products
tanning oil7 products
hand cream7 products
concealer7 products
exfoliant/scrub7 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
diaper cream6 products
lip plumper6 products
brow liner6 products
foot moisturizer4 products
depilatory4 products
blush4 products
shampoo3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
shaving cream3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
anti-aging3 products
mask3 products
BB cream3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
baby oil2 products
baby lotion2 products
lip liner2 products
detangler2 products
hair styling aide2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
sunless tanning2 products
facial cleanser1 products
body oil1 products
after shave1 products
around-eye cream1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
hair spray1 products
mascara1 products
body spray1 products
eyelash glue1 products
serums & essences1 products
Facial Sun Care1 products
makeup with SPF1 products


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Concern Reference
Possible human immune system toxicant or allergenNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Human immune and respiratory toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Cancer - limited evidenceNational Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4094 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • National Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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