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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer118 products
foundation109 products
eye shadow109 products
lip balm105 products
lip gloss101 products
lipstick85 products
eye liner76 products
bronzer/highlighter62 products
hair color and bleaching47 products
facial powder32 products
antiperspirant/deodorant31 products
body firming lotion30 products
conditioner25 products
beach & sport sunscreen25 products
facial moisturizer/treatment24 products
concealer24 products
blush21 products
diaper cream20 products
hair styling aide19 products
lip balm with SPF19 products
hair treatment/serum17 products
hand cream15 products
body wash/cleanser12 products
baby oil11 products
baby lotion11 products
body oil11 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
makeup remover10 products
lip plumper10 products
brow liner10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)9 products
styling gel/lotion8 products
depilatory8 products
shampoo7 products
sunless tanning6 products
detangler6 products
hair relaxer6 products
mascara6 products
mask5 products
glitter5 products
foot moisturizer5 products
shaving cream4 products
eye makeup remover4 products
facial cleanser4 products
anti-aging4 products
moisturizer with SPF3 products
3 products
fragrance for women3 products
serums & essences3 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
around-eye cream2 products
after sun product2 products
oil controller2 products
lip liner2 products
makeup primer2 products
hair spray2 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
body spray1 products
eyelash glue1 products
foot cleansing1 products


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Concern Reference
Possible human immune system toxicant or allergenNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Human immune and respiratory toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Cancer - limited evidenceNational Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4094 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • National Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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