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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer183 products
eye shadow148 products
lip balm146 products
lip gloss116 products
foundation115 products
eye liner87 products
body firming lotion84 products
lipstick84 products
bronzer/highlighter78 products
antiperspirant/deodorant77 products
hair color and bleaching52 products
facial moisturizer/treatment47 products
hair styling aide47 products
conditioner43 products
recreational sunscreen41 products
facial powder34 products
hair treatment/serum34 products
hand cream30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)30 products
diaper cream29 products
blush28 products
concealer26 products
lip balm with SPF25 products
baby oil22 products
baby lotion21 products
body oil21 products
body wash/cleanser18 products
foot moisturizer14 products
sunless tanning14 products
makeup remover13 products
lip plumper13 products
styling gel/lotion12 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
tanning oil11 products
brow liner11 products
depilatory10 products
facial cleanser10 products
mask9 products
hair relaxer9 products
daily use with SPF8 products
mascara8 products
eye makeup remover7 products
anti-aging7 products
shampoo7 products
7 products
glitter7 products
bath oil/salts/soak6 products
after sun product6 products
detangler6 products
baby sunscreen5 products
oil controller4 products
shaving cream3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
lip liner3 products
hair spray3 products
serums & essences3 products
around-eye cream2 products
bar soap2 products
makeup primer2 products
fragrance for women2 products
after shave1 products
depilatory (men's)1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
baby soap1 products
body spray1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
foot cleansing1 products
other eye makeup1 products
eyelash glue1 products
BB cream1 products
mouthwash1 products
pore strips1 products


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Concern Reference
Possible human immune system toxicant or allergenNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Human immune and respiratory toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Cancer - limited evidenceNational Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4094 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • National Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer