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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer98 products
lip balm78 products
eye liner72 products
lip gloss68 products
foundation66 products
eye shadow66 products
lipstick65 products
hair color and bleaching44 products
bronzer/highlighter42 products
antiperspirant/deodorant30 products
beach & sport sunscreen25 products
body firming lotion23 products
conditioner21 products
lip balm with SPF19 products
facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
diaper cream13 products
hair treatment/serum12 products
facial powder11 products
hand cream10 products
hair styling aide10 products
concealer10 products
makeup remover9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)8 products
blush8 products
body wash/cleanser8 products
exfoliant/scrub8 products
body oil7 products
shampoo7 products
depilatory7 products
mask7 products
lip plumper7 products
brow liner7 products
baby oil6 products
baby lotion6 products
detangler6 products
foot moisturizer5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
facial cleanser4 products
hair relaxer4 products
anti-aging4 products
sunless tanning4 products
shaving cream3 products
moisturizer with SPF3 products
lip liner2 products
hair spray2 products
serums & essences2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
around-eye cream1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
mascara1 products
body spray1 products
eyelash glue1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
glitter1 products


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Concern Reference
Possible human immune system toxicant or allergenNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Human immune and respiratory toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Cancer - limited evidenceNational Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4094 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • National Toxicology Program 10th Report on Carcinogens (2002).
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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