Find products and ingredients Learn how Skin Deep® works Meet our experts Discover EWG VERIFIED™

Data: Good

Zinc Oxide (Sunscreen Grade > 100nm)

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

SEARCH PRODUCTS

Other Concerns

Enhanced skin absorption, Persistence and bioaccumulation (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), Occupational hazards (moderate), and Biochemical or cellular level changes (high)

SYNONYMS

A&D MEDICATED OINTMENT, ACTOX 14, ACTOX 16, ACTOX 216, AI3-00277, AKRO-ZINC BAR 85, AKRO-ZINC BAR 90, AMALOX, AZO 22, AZO-33, AZO-55, AZO-55TT, AZO-66, AZO-66TT, AZO-77, AZO-77TT, AZODOX, AZODOX-55, AZODOX-55TT, BLANC DE ZINC, C-WEISS 8, C.I. 77947, C.I. PIGMENT WHITE 4, CADOX XX 78, CASWELL NO. 920, CCRIS 1309, CHINESE WHITE, CI PIGMENT WHITE 4, CYNKU TLENEK, DOME PASTE BANDAGE, EINECS 215-222-5, ELECTOX 2500, ELECTROX 2500, EMANAY ZINC OXIDE, EMAR, EPA PESTICIDE CHEMICAL CODE 088502, FELLING ZINC OXIDE, FLORES DE ZINCI, GIAP 10, GREEN SEAL-8, HSDB 5024, HUBBUCK'S WHITE, K-ZINC, KADOX 15, KADOX 72, KADOX-25, MICRONIZED ZINC OXIDE, NO-GENOL, NOGENOL, OUTMINE, OZIDE, OZLO, PERMANENT WHITE, POWDER BASE 900, PROTOX 166, PROTOX 168, PROTOX 169, PROTOX TYPE 166, PROTOX TYPE 167, PROTOX TYPE 168, PROTOX TYPE 169, PROTOX TYPE 267, PROTOX TYPE 268, RED SEAL 9, RVPAQUE, SNOW WHITE, SUPERTAH, UNICHEM ZO, VANDEM VAC, VANDEM VOC, VANDEM VPC, WHITE SEAL-7, XX 203, XX 601, XX 78, ZINC GELATIN, ZINC MONOXIDE, ZINC OXIDE (SUNSCREEN GRADE > 100NM), ZINC OXIDE (SUNSCREEN GRADE > 100NM), ZINC OXIDE (Z-COTE), ZINC OXIDE (Z-COTE, 60NM), ZINC OXIDE (ZNO), ZINC OXIDE; ZINC OXIDE, ZINCA 20, ZINCI OXICUM, ZINCI OXYDUM, ZINCITE, ZINCOID, ZINCUM OXYDATUM, ZIRADRYL, ZN 0701T, ZN-0401 E 3/16'', and ZNO

Sunscreens with zinc oxide usually contain nanoparticles. Zinc oxide in sunscreen offers UVA protection. Nanoparticle zinc oxide in sunscreen does not penetrate healthy skin, and thus appear to pose a low health risk in lotions. Inhalation of powders and sprays is a concern, however.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
recreational sunscreen614 products
daily use with SPF364 products
baby sunscreen145 products
foundation140 products
CC cream54 products
BB cream49 products
lip balm with SPF48 products
diaper cream37 products
26 products
facial powder16 products
lip gloss10 products
facial moisturizer/treatment4 products
around-eye cream4 products
lip balm4 products
lipstick2 products
makeup primer2 products
eye shadow2 products
blush2 products
concealer2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
tanning oil1 products
baby lotion1 products
toners/astringents1 products
moisturizer1 products
baby powder1 products
anti-aging1 products
serums & essences1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database
Nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinOpen scientific literature

Biochemical or cellular level changes

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Produces excess reactive oxygen species that can interfere with cellular signaling, cause mutations, lead to cell death and may be implicated in cardiovascular disease.Open scientific literature

Occupational hazards

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to moderate dosesNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Moderate evidence of occupational hazardsOpen scientific literature

Decreased skin absorption

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited potential to absorb into the skin.Open scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Possible human respiratory toxicantAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics
One or more animal studies show classified as toxic effects at moderate doses (low dose studies may be unavailable for this ingredient)EPA Toxic Release Inventory PBTs
Associated with cardiovascular toxicityOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Found to be persistent and bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature

Cancer

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on microorganisms show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Wildlife and environmental toxicityCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
14377 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Not likely to be a reproductive toxicant in humansOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

Expand content Collapse content
CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Toxics Release Inventory Program. PBT Chemical Rule.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

Can’t find your product?

Enter the ingredients in EWG’s Build Your Own Report tool to get an approximate score for that product.

BUILD YOUR OWN REPORT

EWG research
on the go

Find personal care, cleaning, and food products on the EWG Healthy Living app.

DOWNLOAD THE APP