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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1001 products
concealer205 products
eye liner194 products
foundation147 products
lip liner145 products
lip balm142 products
lip gloss97 products
bronzer/highlighter89 products
brow liner88 products
blush64 products
eye shadow44 products
mascara41 products
exfoliant/scrub29 products
lip balm with SPF25 products
moisturizer14 products
daily use with SPF12 products
hair styling aide12 products
makeup primer12 products
diaper cream11 products
facial moisturizer/treatment10 products
body wash/cleanser9 products
bar soap8 products
body firming lotion8 products
lip plumper8 products
facial cleanser8 products
7 products
styling gel/lotion7 products
CC cream6 products
recreational sunscreen6 products
facial powder5 products
mask5 products
glitter5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
anti-aging3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
foot moisturizer2 products
around-eye cream2 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
other eye makeup1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
after shave1 products
body art1 products
hand cream1 products
makeup remover1 products
depilatory1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


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