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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1303 products
eye liner400 products
lip balm363 products
lip liner241 products
concealer236 products
lip gloss216 products
foundation199 products
brow liner166 products
blush139 products
bronzer/highlighter116 products
eye shadow105 products
mascara69 products
exfoliant/scrub42 products
lip balm with SPF29 products
lip plumper27 products
moisturizer24 products
hair styling aide19 products
diaper cream18 products
bar soap16 products
body wash/cleanser15 products
makeup primer14 products
facial cleanser14 products
mask12 products
glitter9 products
9 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
facial moisturizer/treatment9 products
recreational sunscreen8 products
antiperspirant/deodorant6 products
CC cream6 products
facial powder6 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
around-eye cream3 products
anti-aging3 products
BB cream3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
body firming lotion2 products
body art2 products
makeup remover2 products
beard care2 products
baby sunscreen1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
conditioner1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
hair removal waxes1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
sunless tanning1 products
foot moisturizer1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


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