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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1079 products
concealer213 products
eye liner201 products
lip balm174 products
foundation158 products
lip liner149 products
lip gloss116 products
bronzer/highlighter101 products
brow liner91 products
blush66 products
eye shadow64 products
mascara48 products
exfoliant/scrub33 products
lip balm with SPF25 products
moisturizer15 products
makeup primer14 products
daily use with SPF12 products
body wash/cleanser11 products
diaper cream11 products
lip plumper10 products
facial moisturizer/treatment10 products
hair styling aide9 products
bar soap9 products
facial cleanser9 products
9 products
body firming lotion8 products
glitter8 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
styling gel/lotion7 products
facial powder7 products
CC cream6 products
mask5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
around-eye cream4 products
anti-aging3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
body art2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
beard care2 products
hand cream1 products
makeup remover1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
depilatory1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
other eye makeup1 products
after shave1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


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