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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1241 products
eye shadow1097 products
foundation742 products
bronzer/highlighter534 products
lip gloss392 products
blush381 products
eye liner333 products
concealer256 products
nail polish237 products
moisturizer with SPF216 products
lip liner206 products
brow liner172 products
facial powder159 products
lip balm101 products
BB cream86 products
beach & sport sunscreen71 products
lip balm with SPF71 products
mascara57 products
makeup with SPF53 products
makeup primer45 products
facial moisturizer/treatment39 products
serums & essences38 products
shampoo32 products
CC cream28 products
hair color and bleaching28 products
around-eye cream25 products
other eye makeup23 products
mask21 products
glitter16 products
bath oil/salts/soak15 products
moisturizer14 products
bar soap14 products
toothpaste13 products
facial cleanser11 products
lip plumper10 products
Facial Sun Care9 products
body wash/cleanser9 products
body firming lotion8 products
body oil7 products
anti-aging7 products
baby sunscreen5 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
hair styling aide4 products
Lip Stain3 products
body powder3 products
oil controller3 products
sunless tanning3 products
Oils & Serums3 products
conditioner3 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
fragrance for women2 products
shaving cream2 products
Under Eye Concealers1 products
foot cleansing1 products
nail treatment1 products
baby oil1 products
fragrance for men1 products
eyelash glue1 products
baby shampoo1 products
tooth whitening1 products
hair spray1 products
toners/astringents1 products
baby lotion1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicityDossing, 1995
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4098 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Dossing, 1995
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.


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