Menu Close Menu




Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
lipstick1889 products
eye shadow1653 products
foundation1304 products
bronzer/highlighter887 products
lip gloss631 products
eye liner557 products
blush542 products
concealer516 products
brow liner343 products
lip liner288 products
facial powder287 products
nail polish181 products
daily use with SPF170 products
lip balm138 products
makeup primer121 products
mascara117 products
shampoo113 products
hair color and bleaching76 products
bath oil/salts/soak73 products
mask70 products
recreational sunscreen68 products
setting powder/spray68 products
facial moisturizer/treatment64 products
serums & essences57 products
BB cream54 products
toothpaste53 products
around-eye cream44 products
body wash/cleanser44 products
lip plumper39 products
CC cream38 products
glitter33 products
exfoliant/scrub29 products
moisturizer29 products
facial cleanser28 products
lip balm with SPF28 products
conditioner27 products
bar soap26 products
23 products
other eye makeup18 products
hair styling aide16 products
body oil14 products
fragrance for women10 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
anti-aging9 products
body firming lotion7 products
baby sunscreen6 products
tooth whitening5 products
sunless tanning5 products
toners/astringents5 products
oil controller4 products
body spray4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
shaving cream3 products
bubble bath3 products
hair spray2 products
baby oil2 products
after sun product2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
tanning oil2 products
baby shampoo2 products
foot cleansing2 products
detangler2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
liquid hand soap1 products
makeup remover1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
eyelash glue1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
fragrance for men1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
body art1 products
beard care1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicityDossing, 1995
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
4098 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Dossing, 1995
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer