Menu Close Menu




Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
shampoo87 products
mouthwash76 products
conditioner62 products
facial cleanser54 products
lip balm39 products
hair treatment/serum32 products
toothpaste32 products
body wash/cleanser31 products
exfoliant/scrub25 products
mask24 products
after shave22 products
lip plumper21 products
lip gloss17 products
lip balm with SPF14 products
shaving cream13 products
recreational sunscreen12 products
foot moisturizer11 products
after sun product10 products
facial moisturizer/treatment10 products
toners/astringents10 products
moisturizer8 products
pore strips8 products
muscle/joint soreness8 products
body firming lotion6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant5 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
tooth whitening3 products
foot odor control3 products
3 products
daily use with SPF3 products
body powder3 products
vapor rubs3 products
detangler2 products
lipstick2 products
foundation2 products
makeup remover2 products
foot cleansing2 products
beard oil2 products
baby lotion1 products
beard care1 products
body spray1 products
bar soap1 products
eye shadow1 products
serums & essences1 products
makeup primer1 products
hair styling aide1 products
oil controller1 products
fragrance for men1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
facial powder1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
2110 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer