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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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toothpaste19 products
lip balm18 products
shampoo15 products
moisturizer15 products
bar soap13 products
facial moisturizer/treatment10 products
body wash/cleanser9 products
exfoliant/scrub9 products
lip balm with SPF6 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
liquid hand soap5 products
hand cream5 products
mouthwash5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
vapor rubs4 products
lip gloss4 products
body oil4 products
moisturizer with SPF4 products
beach & sport sunscreen3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
tooth whitening3 products
facial cleanser3 products
toners/astringents3 products
conditioner3 products
mask3 products
serums & essences2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
after shave2 products
body spray2 products
detangler2 products
body firming lotion2 products
anti-aging2 products
hair styling aide1 products
beard oil1 products
foot cleansing1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
body powder1 products
makeup primer1 products
shaving cream1 products
fragrance for men1 products
hair spray1 products
makeup with SPF1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
208 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer