Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
shampoo134 products
lip balm125 products
conditioner108 products
lip gloss105 products
lipstick103 products
toothpaste84 products
exfoliant/scrub71 products
hair treatment/serum57 products
bar soap56 products
body wash/cleanser55 products
moisturizer54 products
facial cleanser44 products
foot moisturizer41 products
mask36 products
antiperspirant/deodorant35 products
mouthwash31 products
bath oil/salts/soak27 products
tooth whitening22 products
liquid hand soap19 products
body oil17 products
facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
body firming lotion15 products
muscle/joint soreness15 products
hair styling aide15 products
shaving cream14 products
hand sanitizer14 products
styling gel/lotion12 products
foot cleansing11 products
lip plumper11 products
toners/astringents11 products
foot odor control10 products
serums & essences9 products
hand cream9 products
beard oil8 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
beard care6 products
bubble bath6 products
body powder5 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
vapor rubs5 products
after sun product5 products
makeup primer4 products
after shave4 products
beard cleanser4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
fragrance for men3 products
body spray3 products
hair-loss treatment3 products
daily use with SPF2 products
oil controller2 products
baby shampoo2 products
detangler2 products
fragrance for women2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
hair spray2 products
1 products
around-eye cream1 products
baby soap1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
821 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer