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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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lip balm80 products
lipstick77 products
shampoo62 products
conditioner51 products
toothpaste50 products
lip gloss49 products
exfoliant/scrub35 products
body wash/cleanser30 products
bar soap27 products
moisturizer27 products
lip balm with SPF19 products
beach & sport sunscreen19 products
mask17 products
foot moisturizer17 products
facial cleanser16 products
liquid hand soap14 products
mouthwash14 products
facial moisturizer/treatment13 products
bath oil/salts/soak12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant11 products
hair treatment/serum10 products
body oil9 products
moisturizer with SPF7 products
tooth whitening7 products
shaving cream6 products
serums & essences6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
hand sanitizer6 products
vapor rubs5 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
lip plumper4 products
baby lotion3 products
toners/astringents3 products
fragrance for men3 products
Lip Stain3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
foot cleansing2 products
oil controller2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
detangler2 products
makeup primer2 products
body spray2 products
fragrance for women2 products
body firming lotion2 products
after sun product2 products
after shave2 products
hair styling aide2 products
hand cream2 products
around-eye cream1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
baby oil1 products
foot odor control1 products
makeup with SPF1 products
hair spray1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
821 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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