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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo129 products
lip balm115 products
lipstick102 products
conditioner100 products
lip gloss94 products
toothpaste80 products
exfoliant/scrub63 products
hair treatment/serum55 products
body wash/cleanser53 products
bar soap50 products
moisturizer49 products
facial cleanser40 products
mask38 products
foot moisturizer37 products
antiperspirant/deodorant34 products
mouthwash32 products
bath oil/salts/soak26 products
facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
liquid hand soap16 products
tooth whitening16 products
body oil13 products
shaving cream12 products
body firming lotion12 products
hand sanitizer12 products
muscle/joint soreness12 products
styling gel/lotion11 products
foot odor control11 products
serums & essences11 products
hair styling aide11 products
toners/astringents10 products
foot cleansing10 products
hand cream8 products
lip plumper8 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
beard care6 products
bubble bath5 products
vapor rubs5 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
beard oil5 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
makeup primer4 products
body powder4 products
after sun product4 products
after shave4 products
beard cleanser4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
fragrance for men3 products
body spray3 products
hair-loss treatment3 products
baby shampoo2 products
oil controller2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
daily use with SPF2 products
fragrance for women2 products
detangler2 products
hair spray2 products
1 products
baby soap1 products
around-eye cream1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
821 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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