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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick102 products
shampoo99 products
lip balm87 products
conditioner80 products
lip gloss73 products
toothpaste64 products
exfoliant/scrub50 products
body wash/cleanser42 products
moisturizer38 products
bar soap37 products
hair treatment/serum33 products
facial cleanser30 products
mask24 products
foot moisturizer24 products
antiperspirant/deodorant20 products
mouthwash19 products
facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
liquid hand soap11 products
body oil11 products
muscle/joint soreness11 products
styling gel/lotion10 products
tooth whitening9 products
beach & sport sunscreen9 products
serums & essences9 products
toners/astringents8 products
hair styling aide8 products
shaving cream7 products
hand sanitizer7 products
body firming lotion6 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
beard care5 products
vapor rubs4 products
makeup primer4 products
foot cleansing4 products
body spray4 products
foot odor control4 products
after shave4 products
beard oil4 products
hand cream4 products
lip balm with SPF4 products
lip plumper3 products
fragrance for men3 products
body powder2 products
fragrance for women2 products
moisturizer with SPF2 products
2 products
beard cleanser2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
oil controller2 products
after sun product1 products
hair spray1 products
bubble bath1 products
baby soap1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
detangler1 products
baby shampoo1 products
baby bubble bath1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
821 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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