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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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lip balm80 products
lipstick77 products
shampoo69 products
toothpaste54 products
conditioner52 products
lip gloss48 products
exfoliant/scrub38 products
moisturizer36 products
bar soap34 products
body wash/cleanser30 products
foot moisturizer22 products
facial cleanser21 products
mask18 products
facial moisturizer/treatment16 products
antiperspirant/deodorant16 products
hair treatment/serum15 products
liquid hand soap14 products
mouthwash14 products
bath oil/salts/soak11 products
body oil10 products
beach & sport sunscreen9 products
tooth whitening8 products
muscle/joint soreness8 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
shaving cream6 products
hand sanitizer6 products
serums & essences5 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
body spray4 products
vapor rubs4 products
hand cream4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
foot cleansing3 products
toners/astringents3 products
lip plumper3 products
after shave3 products
fragrance for men3 products
fragrance for women2 products
hair styling aide2 products
moisturizer with SPF2 products
makeup primer2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
oil controller2 products
body firming lotion2 products
beard care2 products
beard cleanser1 products
after sun product1 products
hair spray1 products
baby soap1 products
baby lotion1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
foot odor control1 products
around-eye cream1 products
detangler1 products
baby oil1 products
baby shampoo1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
821 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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