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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo115 products
lip balm110 products
lipstick102 products
lip gloss91 products
conditioner90 products
toothpaste72 products
exfoliant/scrub57 products
body wash/cleanser49 products
hair treatment/serum48 products
bar soap44 products
moisturizer42 products
facial cleanser37 products
foot moisturizer35 products
mask30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant29 products
mouthwash28 products
bath oil/salts/soak25 products
facial moisturizer/treatment16 products
tooth whitening14 products
body oil12 products
body firming lotion12 products
muscle/joint soreness11 products
styling gel/lotion11 products
shaving cream11 products
serums & essences11 products
liquid hand soap11 products
hair styling aide10 products
toners/astringents10 products
hand sanitizer9 products
foot cleansing8 products
recreational sunscreen7 products
foot odor control6 products
lip plumper6 products
beard care6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
bubble bath5 products
after shave5 products
hand cream5 products
vapor rubs4 products
beard oil4 products
body powder4 products
makeup primer4 products
lip balm with SPF4 products
body spray3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
fragrance for men3 products
after sun product3 products
beard cleanser3 products
baby shampoo2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
oil controller2 products
detangler2 products
fragrance for women2 products
hair spray2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
baby soap1 products
1 products
around-eye cream1 products
daily use with SPF1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
821 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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