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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner19 products
shampoo19 products
facial cleanser16 products
hair treatment/serum13 products
serums & essences12 products
mask12 products
facial moisturizer/treatment9 products
lip balm7 products
hair styling aide7 products
body wash/cleanser7 products
toners/astringents6 products
body firming lotion5 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
liquid hand soap5 products
CC cream4 products
moisturizer4 products
around-eye cream2 products
daily use with SPF2 products
makeup remover2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
2 products
makeup primer2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
toothpaste2 products
after shave2 products
recreational sunscreen2 products
baby soap1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
hand cream1 products
tooth whitening1 products
baby lotion1 products
fragrance for women1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
mouthwash1 products
foot odor control1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
bar soap1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
359 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer