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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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mask30 products
shampoo29 products
conditioner25 products
facial cleanser23 products
hair treatment/serum16 products
facial moisturizer/treatment12 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
moisturizer10 products
lip balm10 products
foundation10 products
serums & essences9 products
toners/astringents8 products
around-eye cream8 products
body wash/cleanser8 products
liquid hand soap7 products
makeup remover5 products
hair styling aide4 products
hand cream4 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
CC cream4 products
daily use with SPF3 products
bar soap3 products
body firming lotion3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
2 products
tooth whitening2 products
toothpaste2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
after shave2 products
baby lotion1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
mouthwash1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
after sun product1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
makeup primer1 products
beard care1 products
concealer1 products
baby soap1 products
lip plumper1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
shaving cream1 products
foot cleansing1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
359 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer