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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Neurotoxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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exfoliant/scrub11 products
facial cleanser10 products
facial moisturizer/treatment9 products
mask8 products
around-eye cream6 products
serums & essences5 products
body wash/cleanser5 products
conditioner5 products
shampoo5 products
bar soap4 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
concealer4 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
hair styling aide2 products
blush2 products
after shave2 products
toners/astringents2 products
daily use with SPF2 products
baby wipes2 products
baby lotion2 products
makeup remover2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
BB cream2 products
makeup primer2 products
eye liner1 products
mascara1 products
body oil1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
shaving cream1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
lipstick1 products
1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
fragrance for women1 products
baby soap1 products
bubble bath1 products
facial powder1 products
anti-aging1 products
moisturizer1 products
hand cream1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
baby shampoo1 products
baby powder1 products


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show equivocal any effectsOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show equivocal any effectsOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
59 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer