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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation243 products
mask143 products
moisturizer124 products
bronzer/highlighter99 products
brow liner70 products
facial moisturizer/treatment49 products
eye liner36 products
eye shadow36 products
facial cleanser33 products
mascara32 products
concealer29 products
hand cream24 products
daily use with SPF23 products
baby lotion21 products
makeup primer17 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
around-eye cream12 products
blush11 products
facial powder11 products
shaving cream10 products
body firming lotion10 products
serums & essences9 products
conditioner8 products
BB cream6 products
recreational sunscreen6 products
skin fading/lightener5 products
anti-aging5 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
hair styling aide3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
shampoo2 products
toners/astringents2 products
lipstick1 products
foot cleansing1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
sunless tanning1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
bar soap1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
makeup remover1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
hand sanitizer1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
108 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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