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Data: Fair

Linoleic Acid

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns


SYNONYMS

(Z,Z)-9,12-OCTADECADIENOIC ACID, 9,12-OCTADECADIENOIC ACID, 9,12-OCTADECADIENOIC ACID (9Z,12Z)-, 9,12OCTADECADIENOIC ACID (Z,Z), and LINOLEIC ACID

Linoleic acid is a naturally occurring unstaurated fatty acid.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick74 products
facial moisturizer/treatment43 products
daily use with SPF27 products
moisturizer26 products
around-eye cream20 products
conditioner18 products
shampoo15 products
mask15 products
serums & essences15 products
BB cream13 products
lip balm11 products
facial cleanser9 products
blush9 products
exfoliant/scrub8 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
hand cream7 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
lip gloss7 products
toners/astringents6 products
anti-aging5 products
4 products
after shave4 products
oil controller4 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
makeup remover4 products
hair styling aide4 products
foundation4 products
eye shadow3 products
makeup primer3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
body firming lotion3 products
baby lotion2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
mascara1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
CC cream1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
bar soap1 products
baby oil1 products
lip plumper1 products
concealer1 products

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
13585 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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