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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo129 products
body wash/cleanser99 products
liquid hand soap67 products
foundation65 products
facial moisturizer/treatment29 products
conditioner26 products
hair color and bleaching21 products
facial cleanser20 products
serums & essences15 products
eye shadow15 products
hair treatment/serum14 products
styling mousse/foam14 products
moisturizer13 products
concealer13 products
bubble bath12 products
blush12 products
bronzer/highlighter11 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
glitter10 products
lipstick9 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
hair spray7 products
hair styling aide7 products
around-eye cream6 products
daily use with SPF5 products
baby shampoo5 products
detangler5 products
mask5 products
hand cream4 products
eye liner4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
sunless tanning3 products
anti-aging3 products
3 products
baby soap3 products
beard cleanser2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
after shave2 products
mascara2 products
body oil1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
vapor rubs1 products
body firming lotion1 products
oil controller1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
makeup primer1 products
toners/astringents1 products

Contamination concerns

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Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
40 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer