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KOJIC DIPALMITATE

Score:

Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment1 products
exfoliant/scrub1 products

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Kojic Acid has the potential to induce skin sensitisationScientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) 2012. DRAFT OPINION ON Kojic Acid, June 2012. http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_098.pdf

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Not safe for use on injured or damaged skin.Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) 2012. DRAFT OPINION ON Kojic Acid, June 2012. http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_098.pdf
Concentration limit of 1% in cosmeticsBurnett CL, Bergfeld WF, Belsito DV, Hill RA, Klaassen CD, Liebler DC, Marks JG Jr, Shank RC, Slaga TJ, Snyder PW, Andersen FA Final report of the safety assessment of Kojic acid as used in cosmetics. Int J Toxicol. 2010 Nov-Dec;29(6 Suppl):244S-73. Review.

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsWorld Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 79;2001

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
3 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) 2012. DRAFT OPINION ON Kojic Acid, June 2012. http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_098.pdf
  • Burnett CL, Bergfeld WF, Belsito DV, Hill RA, Klaassen CD, Liebler DC, Marks JG Jr, Shank RC, Slaga TJ, Snyder PW, Andersen FA Final report of the safety assessment of Kojic acid as used in cosmetics. Int J Toxicol. 2010 Nov-Dec;29(6 Suppl):244S-73. Review.
  • World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 79;2001
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.

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EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

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