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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer199 products
conditioner69 products
body firming lotion64 products
facial moisturizer/treatment39 products
lipstick30 products
baby lotion24 products
hand cream23 products
hair treatment/serum22 products
daily use with SPF21 products
foundation21 products
bronzer/highlighter18 products
antiperspirant/deodorant17 products
recreational sunscreen12 products
mask12 products
eye shadow12 products
sunless tanning9 products
hair styling aide9 products
concealer8 products
lip balm8 products
blush8 products
serums & essences6 products
facial cleanser6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)6 products
foot moisturizer6 products
makeup primer5 products
CC cream5 products
body oil5 products
around-eye cream5 products
makeup remover5 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
facial powder5 products
shampoo4 products
lip balm with SPF4 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
shaving cream4 products
anti-aging3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
baby oil2 products
lip liner2 products
fragrance for women2 products
after shave2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
after sun product1 products
foot cleansing1 products
beard care1 products
body spray1 products
baby soap1 products
toners/astringents1 products
tanning oil1 products
hair relaxer1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
hair spray1 products
beard oil1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1345 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer