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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation83 products
lipstick63 products
moisturizer39 products
lip gloss38 products
lip balm32 products
shampoo29 products
conditioner26 products
moisturizer with SPF20 products
hand sanitizer16 products
facial moisturizer/treatment15 products
body firming lotion14 products
beach & sport sunscreen14 products
hair treatment/serum12 products
CC cream12 products
hand cream10 products
lip balm with SPF9 products
facial cleanser8 products
eye liner8 products
brow liner8 products
bronzer/highlighter7 products
around-eye cream6 products
serums & essences6 products
body oil6 products
concealer6 products
hair styling aide6 products
makeup primer5 products
baby lotion5 products
hair spray4 products
mask3 products
eye shadow3 products
after sun product3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
fragrance for women2 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
blush2 products
mascara2 products
baby soap2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
body spray2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
bar soap1 products
detangler1 products
baby shampoo1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
after shave1 products
facial powder1 products
anti-aging1 products
polish remover1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1910 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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