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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick147 products
foundation100 products
moisturizer74 products
eye shadow62 products
lip balm58 products
shampoo53 products
conditioner44 products
lip gloss39 products
facial moisturizer/treatment36 products
hand sanitizer35 products
body firming lotion29 products
hair treatment/serum25 products
hand cream20 products
moisturizer with SPF20 products
beach & sport sunscreen15 products
hair styling aide14 products
serums & essences12 products
CC cream12 products
eye liner11 products
facial cleanser11 products
around-eye cream10 products
concealer9 products
lip balm with SPF9 products
brow liner9 products
body oil8 products
makeup primer7 products
bronzer/highlighter6 products
mask6 products
BB cream6 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
blush5 products
foot moisturizer5 products
hair spray5 products
body spray4 products
after sun product4 products
mascara4 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
anti-aging3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
baby lotion3 products
3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
detangler2 products
facial powder2 products
lip liner2 products
fragrance for women2 products
foot odor control2 products
foot cleansing2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
after shave1 products
bar soap1 products
baby oil1 products
beard oil1 products
makeup remover1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
body powder1 products
polish remover1 products
glitter1 products
beard care1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1910 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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