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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick158 products
foundation101 products
moisturizer83 products
shampoo65 products
eye shadow62 products
lip balm61 products
conditioner49 products
hand sanitizer45 products
facial moisturizer/treatment42 products
body firming lotion39 products
lip gloss38 products
hair treatment/serum32 products
daily use with SPF25 products
hand cream24 products
hair styling aide19 products
recreational sunscreen17 products
body oil15 products
facial cleanser13 products
serums & essences12 products
CC cream12 products
eye liner11 products
lip balm with SPF11 products
around-eye cream10 products
BB cream10 products
concealer9 products
brow liner9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
blush8 products
foot moisturizer8 products
hair color and bleaching7 products
hair spray7 products
makeup primer7 products
7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)6 products
bronzer/highlighter6 products
anti-aging6 products
mask6 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
body spray5 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
mascara5 products
after sun product5 products
baby lotion3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
facial powder2 products
lip liner2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
fragrance for women2 products
polish remover2 products
foot odor control2 products
tanning oil2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
foot cleansing2 products
detangler2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
makeup remover1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
body powder1 products
after shave1 products
glitter1 products
bar soap1 products
baby oil1 products
sunless tanning1 products
beard care1 products
beard oil1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1910 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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