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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick204 products
moisturizer157 products
foundation145 products
hand sanitizer96 products
shampoo79 products
eye shadow75 products
conditioner67 products
facial moisturizer/treatment62 products
lip balm57 products
body firming lotion51 products
hair treatment/serum51 products
lip gloss42 products
hand cream36 products
daily use with SPF29 products
concealer28 products
body oil28 products
hair styling aide28 products
blush22 products
antiperspirant/deodorant19 products
recreational sunscreen19 products
bronzer/highlighter16 products
facial cleanser15 products
serums & essences15 products
exfoliant/scrub14 products
hair spray13 products
brow liner13 products
mask13 products
foot moisturizer12 products
BB cream12 products
CC cream12 products
eye liner11 products
facial powder11 products
around-eye cream11 products
lip balm with SPF11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)10 products
anti-aging9 products
bath oil/salts/soak9 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
9 products
body spray8 products
after sun product7 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
skin fading/lightener6 products
baby lotion6 products
mascara6 products
makeup primer6 products
body wash/cleanser5 products
makeup remover5 products
body powder4 products
fragrance for women4 products
tanning oil4 products
baby sunscreen4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
lip liner3 products
after shave3 products
polish remover3 products
foot odor control3 products
sunless tanning3 products
beard oil3 products
fragrance for men2 products
bar soap2 products
toners/astringents2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
foot cleansing2 products
detangler2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
hair removal waxes1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
baby oil1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
baby shampoo1 products
beard care1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1910 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer