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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick177 products
foundation147 products
moisturizer with SPF47 products
bronzer/highlighter29 products
eye shadow27 products
facial moisturizer/treatment23 products
concealer17 products
makeup primer16 products
serums & essences14 products
lip liner12 products
beach & sport sunscreen11 products
lip balm with SPF11 products
moisturizer10 products
blush7 products
lip balm7 products
makeup remover7 products
brow liner7 products
around-eye cream5 products
Facial Sun Care5 products
mask4 products
facial cleanser4 products
CC cream4 products
facial powder3 products
anti-aging3 products
makeup with SPF3 products
other eye makeup3 products
eye liner2 products
BB cream2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
body firming lotion2 products
shampoo2 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
lip plumper1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
lip gloss1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
oil controller1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsIJT 30(S3):228-269, 2011; final report 03/2013 available from CIR

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
5 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • IJT 30(S3):228-269, 2011; final report 03/2013 available from CIR
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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