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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick414 products
foundation323 products
concealer127 products
eye shadow116 products
blush94 products
bronzer/highlighter54 products
lip liner41 products
facial moisturizer/treatment39 products
eye liner33 products
daily use with SPF32 products
makeup primer28 products
serums & essences26 products
lip gloss23 products
19 products
makeup remover18 products
moisturizer17 products
mask15 products
lip balm14 products
brow liner13 products
setting powder/spray12 products
around-eye cream12 products
facial powder11 products
facial cleanser8 products
recreational sunscreen8 products
lip plumper7 products
eye makeup remover6 products
CC cream5 products
anti-aging5 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
other eye makeup3 products
body firming lotion3 products
BB cream3 products
body oil3 products
baby sunscreen2 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
oil controller2 products
glitter2 products
body art2 products
shampoo2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
sunless tanning2 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
hair styling aide1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsIJT 30(S3):228-269, 2011; final report 03/2013 available from CIR

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
5 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • IJT 30(S3):228-269, 2011; final report 03/2013 available from CIR
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


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