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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick317 products
foundation315 products
eye shadow86 products
concealer73 products
blush73 products
bronzer/highlighter44 products
lip liner26 products
moisturizer with SPF25 products
facial moisturizer/treatment24 products
makeup primer21 products
serums & essences19 products
lip gloss18 products
eye liner13 products
moisturizer10 products
brow liner10 products
mask10 products
makeup remover9 products
around-eye cream8 products
lip plumper7 products
facial cleanser6 products
beach & sport sunscreen6 products
lip balm5 products
anti-aging4 products
CC cream4 products
eye makeup remover3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
other eye makeup3 products
3 products
shampoo2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
facial powder2 products
oil controller2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
body firming lotion1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsIJT 30(S3):228-269, 2011; final report 03/2013 available from CIR

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
5 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • IJT 30(S3):228-269, 2011; final report 03/2013 available from CIR
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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