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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (low), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment103 products
foundation98 products
eye shadow71 products
mask51 products
serums & essences48 products
lipstick35 products
daily use with SPF30 products
concealer29 products
moisturizer27 products
around-eye cream23 products
facial powder23 products
mascara15 products
bronzer/highlighter12 products
makeup primer12 products
facial cleanser11 products
toners/astringents10 products
anti-aging10 products
setting powder/spray9 products
BB cream9 products
9 products
blush7 products
exfoliant/scrub6 products
hand cream6 products
recreational sunscreen5 products
lip balm5 products
hair styling aide4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
shampoo4 products
baby lotion3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
foot cleansing2 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
body spray2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
body firming lotion1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
baby shampoo1 products
baby soap1 products
makeup remover1 products
after shave1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
oil controller1 products
conditioner1 products
CC cream1 products

Contamination concerns

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Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Safety unknown for products that may be inhaledCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
12 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer