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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment56 products
serums & essences35 products
moisturizer23 products
facial cleanser13 products
conditioner11 products
beach & sport sunscreen10 products
around-eye cream10 products
mask10 products
moisturizer with SPF8 products
blush8 products
shampoo8 products
body oil8 products
anti-aging7 products
lip balm6 products
nail polish5 products
lip balm with SPF4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
beard oil3 products
body firming lotion2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
hair styling aide2 products
tanning oil2 products
hand cream2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
bar soap2 products
1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
shaving cream1 products
bubble bath1 products
baby lotion1 products
toners/astringents1 products
diaper cream1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
after sun product1 products
makeup remover1 products
sunless tanning1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
detangler1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
336 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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