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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment62 products
serums & essences41 products
moisturizer31 products
nail polish17 products
facial cleanser14 products
mask12 products
recreational sunscreen11 products
conditioner11 products
around-eye cream11 products
shampoo10 products
daily use with SPF8 products
blush8 products
body oil8 products
lip balm7 products
anti-aging7 products
lip balm with SPF4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
bar soap3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
beard oil3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
body firming lotion2 products
hair styling aide2 products
tanning oil2 products
hand cream2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
shaving cream1 products
baby lotion1 products
toners/astringents1 products
diaper cream1 products
bubble bath1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
after sun product1 products
makeup remover1 products
sunless tanning1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
detangler1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
336 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


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