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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo744 products
conditioner388 products
body wash/cleanser302 products
hair treatment/serum73 products
hair color and bleaching72 products
liquid hand soap72 products
facial cleanser35 products
hair styling aide34 products
baby shampoo21 products
makeup remover19 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
styling gel/lotion15 products
mask14 products
baby soap13 products
beard cleanser8 products
bar soap7 products
7 products
detangler7 products
bubble bath7 products
moisturizer6 products
baby bubble bath6 products
facial moisturizer/treatment6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant5 products
shaving cream4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
beard care3 products
hair spray3 products
body firming lotion2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
anti-aging2 products
sunless tanning2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
body oil1 products
serums & essences1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
mascara1 products
after sun product1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
body spray1 products
hair relaxer1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 34(S1): 35-65, 2015

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • IJT 34(S1): 35-65, 2015


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