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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer141 products
facial moisturizer/treatment78 products
body firming lotion64 products
exfoliant/scrub56 products
mask55 products
hand cream50 products
daily use with SPF38 products
facial cleanser34 products
mascara33 products
recreational sunscreen25 products
conditioner25 products
hair color and bleaching21 products
shampoo21 products
around-eye cream21 products
hair styling aide12 products
serums & essences11 products
beard care10 products
baby lotion10 products
body wash/cleanser10 products
anti-aging9 products
shaving cream9 products
brow liner8 products
after sun product8 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
6 products
foot cleansing5 products
foundation5 products
makeup primer5 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
eye liner3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
makeup remover3 products
after shave3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
sunless tanning3 products
BB cream2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
oil controller1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
concealer1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
baby soap1 products
bubble bath1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
toners/astringents1 products
detangler1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
10 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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