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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer683 products
facial moisturizer/treatment418 products
conditioner262 products
body firming lotion256 products
mascara245 products
daily use with SPF241 products
recreational sunscreen223 products
hand cream199 products
mask172 products
foundation163 products
facial cleanser139 products
around-eye cream97 products
exfoliant/scrub95 products
hair styling aide86 products
lipstick78 products
baby lotion75 products
hair color and bleaching69 products
serums & essences59 products
bronzer/highlighter58 products
anti-aging54 products
makeup remover51 products
hair treatment/serum51 products
lip balm47 products
brow liner47 products
foot moisturizer44 products
concealer43 products
makeup primer40 products
antiperspirant/deodorant39 products
body wash/cleanser36 products
shampoo35 products
styling gel/lotion34 products
eye liner32 products
BB cream26 products
blush25 products
baby sunscreen23 products
sunless tanning21 products
after shave20 products
after sun product16 products
detangler14 products
foot cleansing12 products
beard care12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)11 products
11 products
muscle/joint soreness10 products
eye shadow9 products
lip gloss9 products
shaving cream8 products
skin fading/lightener5 products
foot odor control5 products
liquid hand soap5 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
CC cream4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
baby shampoo3 products
baby soap3 products
toners/astringents3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
baby wipes3 products
other eye makeup3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
lip balm with SPF3 products
beard oil3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
tanning oil2 products
body oil2 products
facial powder2 products
diaper cream2 products
lip liner2 products
body spray2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
nail treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
fragrance for women1 products
oil controller1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
bar soap1 products
lip plumper1 products
bubble bath1 products
eyelash glue1 products
fragrance for men1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
348 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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