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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer477 products
facial moisturizer/treatment281 products
moisturizer with SPF186 products
conditioner178 products
foundation150 products
mascara144 products
body firming lotion137 products
beach & sport sunscreen132 products
mask128 products
hand cream109 products
facial cleanser76 products
lipstick76 products
exfoliant/scrub62 products
serums & essences60 products
around-eye cream54 products
baby lotion53 products
bronzer/highlighter49 products
hair color and bleaching49 products
anti-aging40 products
concealer40 products
hair styling aide39 products
antiperspirant/deodorant34 products
makeup primer33 products
makeup remover31 products
hair treatment/serum31 products
brow liner30 products
eye liner29 products
shampoo24 products
BB cream24 products
foot moisturizer22 products
lip balm22 products
body wash/cleanser22 products
styling gel/lotion16 products
blush14 products
eye shadow11 products
sunless tanning10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)10 products
foot cleansing9 products
after sun product9 products
detangler9 products
lip gloss9 products
after shave8 products
beard care8 products
baby sunscreen7 products
7 products
shaving cream6 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
baby wipes4 products
CC cream4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
fragrance for women3 products
baby soap3 products
tanning oil2 products
baby shampoo2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
other eye makeup2 products
facial powder2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
hair relaxer2 products
diaper cream2 products
depilatory1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
bar soap1 products
lip liner1 products
eyelash glue1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
toners/astringents1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
baby oil1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
beard oil1 products
fragrance for men1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
348 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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