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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer335 products
facial moisturizer/treatment185 products
moisturizer with SPF180 products
beach & sport sunscreen130 products
conditioner126 products
mascara91 products
mask83 products
foundation78 products
lipstick70 products
hand cream58 products
serums & essences47 products
facial cleanser47 products
baby lotion45 products
body firming lotion44 products
around-eye cream37 products
exfoliant/scrub32 products
hair color and bleaching30 products
bronzer/highlighter29 products
anti-aging28 products
antiperspirant/deodorant25 products
makeup primer21 products
BB cream21 products
makeup remover18 products
hair styling aide17 products
body wash/cleanser16 products
shampoo16 products
brow liner16 products
concealer14 products
hair treatment/serum14 products
foot moisturizer13 products
eye liner11 products
blush10 products
styling gel/lotion10 products
lip balm9 products
sunless tanning7 products
baby sunscreen7 products
lip gloss7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)6 products
detangler5 products
shaving cream5 products
after shave5 products
CC cream4 products
eye shadow3 products
hair relaxer3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
after sun product3 products
baby wipes3 products
foot cleansing3 products
baby shampoo3 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
facial powder2 products
baby soap2 products
other eye makeup2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
beard care2 products
bar soap1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
diaper cream1 products
eyelash glue1 products
beard oil1 products
toners/astringents1 products
depilatory1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
348 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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