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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer643 products
facial moisturizer/treatment390 products
conditioner240 products
body firming lotion239 products
daily use with SPF235 products
mascara230 products
recreational sunscreen203 products
hand cream192 products
mask166 products
foundation156 products
facial cleanser136 products
exfoliant/scrub91 products
around-eye cream86 products
serums & essences80 products
lipstick76 products
baby lotion69 products
hair styling aide67 products
bronzer/highlighter57 products
hair color and bleaching55 products
anti-aging53 products
hair treatment/serum52 products
makeup remover48 products
concealer42 products
lip balm41 products
brow liner41 products
makeup primer40 products
foot moisturizer38 products
body wash/cleanser35 products
antiperspirant/deodorant34 products
shampoo31 products
styling gel/lotion30 products
eye liner29 products
BB cream25 products
baby sunscreen23 products
sunless tanning19 products
blush18 products
after shave17 products
beard care14 products
after sun product12 products
detangler12 products
foot cleansing11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)11 products
11 products
eye shadow9 products
shaving cream8 products
lip gloss8 products
skin fading/lightener5 products
baby wipes5 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
foot odor control4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
CC cream4 products
baby soap3 products
toners/astringents3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
other eye makeup3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
beard oil3 products
fragrance for women2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
tanning oil2 products
baby shampoo2 products
hair relaxer2 products
facial powder2 products
diaper cream2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
body spray2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
nail treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
oil controller1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
bar soap1 products
lip plumper1 products
body oil1 products
lip liner1 products
bubble bath1 products
baby oil1 products
pore strips1 products
eyelash glue1 products
fragrance for men1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
348 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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