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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation90 products
facial moisturizer/treatment65 products
eye shadow65 products
lipstick60 products
moisturizer60 products
mask40 products
serums & essences35 products
eye liner31 products
baby lotion29 products
beach & sport sunscreen28 products
conditioner25 products
antiperspirant/deodorant25 products
facial cleanser22 products
moisturizer with SPF22 products
blush21 products
exfoliant/scrub20 products
shampoo20 products
mascara20 products
bronzer/highlighter20 products
facial powder19 products
lip liner18 products
body wash/cleanser14 products
toners/astringents14 products
baby shampoo11 products
concealer11 products
brow liner11 products
lip balm10 products
body firming lotion10 products
baby soap10 products
baby sunscreen9 products
hand cream9 products
lip gloss8 products
makeup primer8 products
around-eye cream8 products
lip plumper7 products
hair styling aide7 products
liquid hand soap6 products
after sun product5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
anti-aging4 products
makeup remover4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
oil controller3 products
BB cream3 products
foot cleansing2 products
shaving cream2 products
body spray2 products
other eye makeup2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
sunless tanning1 products
after shave1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
vapor rubs1 products
beard oil1 products
Facial Sun Care1 products
baby oil1 products
body oil1 products
Decollete and Neck Creams1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
190 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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