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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation133 products
lipstick77 products
facial moisturizer/treatment76 products
eye shadow71 products
moisturizer49 products
serums & essences41 products
mask41 products
concealer34 products
baby lotion30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant30 products
facial cleanser28 products
blush28 products
conditioner27 products
mascara25 products
bronzer/highlighter23 products
moisturizer with SPF22 products
beach & sport sunscreen22 products
exfoliant/scrub21 products
facial powder21 products
eye liner20 products
shampoo19 products
lip liner18 products
brow liner18 products
body wash/cleanser15 products
baby shampoo14 products
makeup primer13 products
toners/astringents13 products
baby soap12 products
hand cream12 products
lip gloss12 products
hair styling aide11 products
lip balm11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)10 products
around-eye cream9 products
body firming lotion8 products
styling gel/lotion7 products
makeup remover7 products
liquid hand soap7 products
lip plumper7 products
after sun product5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
baby sunscreen5 products
anti-aging4 products
oil controller3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
body spray2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
beard oil2 products
foot cleansing2 products
2 products
BB cream2 products
other eye makeup2 products
shaving cream2 products
body oil1 products
diaper cream1 products
after shave1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
baby oil1 products
vapor rubs1 products
cuticle treatment1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
190 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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