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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation89 products
facial moisturizer/treatment73 products
lipstick65 products
eye shadow60 products
moisturizer59 products
mask41 products
serums & essences39 products
concealer29 products
baby lotion27 products
antiperspirant/deodorant26 products
conditioner25 products
facial cleanser23 products
mascara23 products
moisturizer with SPF22 products
beach & sport sunscreen22 products
bronzer/highlighter21 products
exfoliant/scrub21 products
facial powder21 products
blush21 products
shampoo20 products
eye liner20 products
lip liner18 products
body wash/cleanser15 products
toners/astringents14 products
brow liner14 products
baby shampoo12 products
lip gloss12 products
baby soap11 products
makeup primer10 products
hand cream10 products
lip balm9 products
around-eye cream8 products
body firming lotion8 products
hair styling aide8 products
lip plumper7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)6 products
liquid hand soap6 products
after sun product5 products
baby sunscreen5 products
anti-aging4 products
makeup remover4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
oil controller3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
BB cream3 products
body spray2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
shaving cream2 products
other eye makeup2 products
foot cleansing2 products
body oil1 products
after shave1 products
beard oil1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
baby oil1 products
vapor rubs1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
190 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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