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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation135 products
facial moisturizer/treatment121 products
lipstick113 products
mask88 products
moisturizer85 products
eye shadow76 products
serums & essences57 products
facial cleanser49 products
antiperspirant/deodorant48 products
lip gloss43 products
recreational sunscreen39 products
conditioner38 products
concealer35 products
blush35 products
mascara35 products
baby lotion35 products
daily use with SPF34 products
eye liner34 products
exfoliant/scrub33 products
shampoo32 products
brow liner28 products
facial powder27 products
bronzer/highlighter27 products
hand cream26 products
body firming lotion23 products
around-eye cream22 products
body wash/cleanser21 products
lip liner18 products
toners/astringents17 products
lip balm16 products
liquid hand soap16 products
hair treatment/serum15 products
makeup primer14 products
hair styling aide13 products
baby sunscreen12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)12 products
baby shampoo11 products
baby soap11 products
makeup remover10 products
setting powder/spray7 products
anti-aging7 products
after sun product6 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
body spray4 products
3 products
body oil3 products
after shave3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
BB cream3 products
beard care3 products
other eye makeup2 products
oil controller2 products
detangler2 products
shaving cream2 products
beard oil2 products
CC cream1 products
lip plumper1 products
baby oil1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
toothpaste1 products
foot cleansing1 products
body art1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
diaper cream1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
bubble bath1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
190 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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