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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation133 products
facial moisturizer/treatment101 products
lipstick95 products
eye shadow71 products
mask70 products
moisturizer65 products
serums & essences52 products
facial cleanser40 products
antiperspirant/deodorant37 products
baby lotion37 products
conditioner36 products
concealer34 products
mascara33 products
lip gloss32 products
blush32 products
exfoliant/scrub31 products
recreational sunscreen30 products
facial powder28 products
eye liner26 products
daily use with SPF25 products
bronzer/highlighter25 products
shampoo23 products
brow liner20 products
hand cream20 products
lip liner18 products
body firming lotion18 products
around-eye cream18 products
toners/astringents15 products
body wash/cleanser15 products
lip balm14 products
hair treatment/serum14 products
baby shampoo13 products
makeup primer13 products
baby soap12 products
hair styling aide12 products
liquid hand soap11 products
baby sunscreen11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)11 products
makeup remover9 products
anti-aging9 products
lip plumper7 products
after sun product6 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
setting powder/spray4 products
beard care3 products
oil controller3 products
3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
BB cream3 products
body oil2 products
shaving cream2 products
body spray2 products
after shave2 products
beard oil2 products
detangler2 products
other eye makeup2 products
foot cleansing2 products
body art1 products
CC cream1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
diaper cream1 products
toothpaste1 products
vapor rubs1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
baby oil1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
190 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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