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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation95 products
facial moisturizer/treatment57 products
lipstick56 products
eye shadow53 products
moisturizer52 products
serums & essences32 products
baby lotion28 products
beach & sport sunscreen26 products
moisturizer with SPF24 products
conditioner22 products
blush20 products
mascara20 products
mask20 products
facial cleanser19 products
shampoo19 products
facial powder19 products
eye liner18 products
bronzer/highlighter18 products
antiperspirant/deodorant15 products
exfoliant/scrub13 products
toners/astringents12 products
lip liner12 products
concealer11 products
brow liner11 products
lip balm10 products
other eye makeup9 products
body wash/cleanser8 products
lip gloss8 products
baby soap8 products
hand cream8 products
baby shampoo7 products
body firming lotion7 products
baby sunscreen7 products
lip plumper7 products
makeup primer7 products
after sun product5 products
around-eye cream5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
anti-aging4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
hair styling aide4 products
BB cream4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
makeup remover3 products
oil controller2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
baby oil2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
sunless tanning1 products
after shave1 products
foot cleansing1 products
body spray1 products
CC cream1 products
vapor rubs1 products
body oil1 products
beard oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
190 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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