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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment821 products
moisturizer783 products
foundation731 products
mask725 products
shampoo571 products
body wash/cleanser559 products
serums & essences537 products
conditioner535 products
facial cleanser488 products
moisturizer with SPF411 products
beach & sport sunscreen391 products
concealer378 products
liquid hand soap284 products
exfoliant/scrub236 products
bar soap219 products
toners/astringents191 products
toothpaste152 products
bronzer/highlighter148 products
around-eye cream147 products
mascara145 products
hair treatment/serum139 products
hair color and bleaching134 products
hand cream129 products
eye shadow119 products
hair styling aide119 products
lipstick113 products
makeup remover107 products
makeup primer107 products
antiperspirant/deodorant106 products
body firming lotion106 products
baby lotion98 products
hand sanitizer94 products
styling gel/lotion89 products
bath oil/salts/soak87 products
brow liner78 products
baby soap75 products
baby shampoo74 products
BB cream70 products
mouthwash68 products
anti-aging67 products
shaving cream66 products
lip balm59 products
eye liner56 products
hair spray50 products
CC cream49 products
lip gloss46 products
baby wipes42 products
body spray41 products
bubble bath40 products
fragrance for women38 products
sunless tanning36 products
blush34 products
after shave32 products
detangler31 products
facial powder31 products
baby sunscreen30 products
foot moisturizer29 products
baby bubble bath26 products
after sun product25 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)22 products
shaving cream (men's)20 products
diaper cream19 products
tooth whitening18 products
eye makeup remover15 products
glitter14 products
styling mousse/foam13 products
polish remover13 products
lip balm with SPF12 products
beard care12 products
fragrance for men12 products
other eye makeup12 products
lip plumper11 products
oil controller11 products
baby toothpaste9 products
pore strips9 products
9 products
makeup with SPF8 products
foot cleansing8 products
damaged skin treatment6 products
other men's products6 products
depilatory4 products
baby oil4 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
body oil4 products
beard cleanser4 products
beard oil4 products
hair relaxer3 products
nail treatment2 products
vapor rubs2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
tanning oil1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
nail polish1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
70707 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer