Fd&C Yellow No. 6 (Ci 15985) Aluminum Lake
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.
IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Contamination concerns (high)
Restricted - Unaccpetable
The score of this ingredient can vary from Restricted to Unacceptable based on the method of product consumption. For instance, when used in aerosol-based products, this ingredient may pose a risk to respiratory health, leading to a higher score
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In industrial production of colorants, the term 'lake' is applied to pigments or dyes that are precipitated with metal salts such as aluminum, calcium, barium, or others. Most lake pigments are synthetically produced from coal tar or petroleum.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
MODERATEAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|lip gloss||234 products|
|lip balm||114 products|
|lip liner||103 products|
|eye shadow||95 products|
|facial powder||16 products|
|setting powder/spray||13 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||8 products|
|lip plumper||8 products|
|daily use with SPF||4 products|
|CC cream||3 products|
|lip balm with SPF||2 products|
|eye liner||2 products|
|hand cream||1 products|
|nail polish||1 products|
|hair color and bleaching||1 products|
|BB cream||1 products|
|facial cleanser||1 products|
|hair removal waxes||1 products|
|recreational sunscreen||1 products|
|fragrance for women||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|oil controller||1 products|
|makeup primer||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||Open scientific literature|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - any||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Human any toxicant or allergen - moderate evidence||Open scientific literature|
|One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effects||Open scientific literature|
|One or more human case studies show possible any effects||Open scientific literature|
|Classified as possibly toxic to reproduction or development||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at high doses||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Limited evidence of any toxicity||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|One or more studies show weak endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Mutagen - limited evidence||Open scientific literature|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives Lakes - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.