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FD&C Yellow No. 6 (CI 15985)

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), and Contamination concerns (high)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick165 products
eye liner81 products
bar soap62 products
body wash/cleanser51 products
lip gloss49 products
conditioner43 products
liquid hand soap41 products
moisturizer36 products
shampoo35 products
lip balm27 products
foundation23 products
fragrance for women23 products
lip balm with SPF21 products
blush18 products
facial cleanser18 products
sunless tanning18 products
bath oil/salts/soak18 products
mask18 products
facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
bronzer/highlighter15 products
hair treatment/serum14 products
hair styling aide13 products
hair color and bleaching12 products
styling gel/lotion11 products
fragrance for men9 products
mouthwash8 products
lip plumper8 products
toners/astringents7 products
body spray6 products
body firming lotion6 products
serums & essences5 products
bubble bath5 products
makeup primer5 products
glitter5 products
daily use with SPF4 products
brow liner4 products
around-eye cream3 products
facial powder3 products
hand cream3 products
setting powder/spray3 products
shaving cream2 products
detangler2 products
baby shampoo2 products
eye shadow2 products
makeup remover2 products
2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
anti-aging2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
toothpaste1 products
baby soap1 products
concealer1 products
beard oil1 products
body oil1 products
baby lotion1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
lip liner1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
nail treatment1 products
after sun product1 products
after shave1 products
hair relaxer1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive not approved by FDA for cosmetics used around eyesFDA Color Additive Status

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Human any toxicant or allergen - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature

Neurotoxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show possible any effectsOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
Classified as possibly toxic to reproduction or developmentOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
One or more studies show weak endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Mutagen - limited evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Batch Certified by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
349 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer